HIV epidemiology

Our research on HIV epidemiology addresses three areas:

  • To study the epidemiology of HIV infection among young adults in rural Etiopia
  • To review the impact on the HIV epidemic in Ethiopia
  • To study the clinical features of HIV infection, and its association on co-infection with tuberculosis

Epidemiology of HIV infection among young adults:

Molla, M, Berhane, Y and Lindtjørn B. Perception of Ethiopian Youth regarding Their Risk of HIV: A Community-based Study among Youth in Predominately Rural Butajira. Ethiopian Journal of Reproductive Health, 2009, 3(3): 44:51

Molla M, Byass, P: Berhane Y, Lindtjørn B. Mortality decreases among young adults in south-central Ethiopia. Ethiop J Hlth Dev 2008; 22: 218-225.

Molla M, Berhane Y, Lindtjørn B. Traditional values of virginity and sexual behaviour in rural Ethiopian youth: results from a cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health. 2008;8:9.

Mitike Molla, Maria Emmelin, Yemane Berhane, and Bernt Lindtjørn. Youth in rural Ethiopia hesitate to seek health services for sexually transmitted infections: A mixed method research in Butajira, Central Ethiopia. African Journal of AIDS Research 2009, 8(2): 135–146

Datiko DG, Yassin MA, Chekol LT, Kabeto LE, Lindtjørn B. The rate of TB-HIV co-infection depends on the prevalence of HIV infection in a community. BMC Public Health. 2008;8:266.

Impact on the HIV epidemic in Ethiopia

Kloos H and Lindtjørn B. The HIV/aids epidemic in a least developed country: Ethiopia. Human Ecology Review, 2007; 14 (1): 39 – 55.

Kloos H, Wuhib T, Haile Mariam D and Lindtjørn B. HIV/AIDS in Ethiopia: Prevention and Control, with an Emphasis on the Community. Ethiop J Hlth Dev, 2003, 17 (Special Issue): 3-31.

Clinical features and HIV and tuberculosis co-infection

Jerene D, Naess A, Lindtjørn B. Antiretroviral therapy at a district hospital in Ethiopia prevents death and tuberculosis in a cohort of HIV patients. AIDS Res Ther. 2006;3:10.

Demissie M, Lemma E, Gebeyehu M and Lindtjørn B. Sensitivity to anti TB drugs in HIV positive and negative TB patients. Scan J Infect Dis 2001; 33: 914-919.

Demissie M, Lindtjørn B and Tegbaru B. Human Immunodeficiency Virus infection in tuberculosis patients in Ethiopia. Ethiop J Hlth Dev 2000; 14(3): 277-282.

Madebo T, Nysæter G, Lindtjørn B. HIV infection and malnutrition change the clinical and radiological features of pulmonary tuberculosis. Scand J Inf Dis. 1997;29:355-9.

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